Co-operatives and mutuals must be able to play a full part in an economy with diverse corporate ownership, without being at a disadvantage to proprietary firms. A lack of corporate diversity both reduces competitive pressure from the operation of different business models in the same market and adds greater systemic risk to the economy.

This briefing note explains how co-operatives and mutuals across the world raise their funding, and gives a particular focus on some of the new and innovative instruments being used in different parts of the world.

View briefing note (PDF format)